How to Write a Good Abstract: 5 Golden Rules

by Petrone Risk

How to Write a Good Abstract: 5 Golden Rules

Writing an abstract is one of the most skills that are important researchers who are prepared to share their work.

Whether you are submitting your scholarly article to a journal or preparing your research abstract for consideration at a conference, mastering simple tips to write a abstract that is good listed here five rules is going to make your abstract stand out from the crowd!

1. Stick to the guidelines.

Abstracts for scholarly articles are somewhat diverse from abstracts for conferences. Additionally, different journals, associations, and fields adhere to guidelines that are different.

Thus, ensure that your abstract includes precisely what is asked for, that this content ties in appropriately, and therefore you’ve followed any formatting rules.

Make sure to check out the guidelines to find out if the journal or conference has specific expectations for the abstract, such as whether it should really prices be a structured abstract or only one paragraph.

A abstract that is structured subheads and separate paragraphs for every elements, such as for example background, method, results, and conclusions.

2. Be sure the abstract has anything you need—no more, no less.

An abstract should be between 200 and 250 words total. Readers will be able to quickly grasp your purpose, methods, thesis, and results within the abstract.

You’ll want to provide all this work information in a concise and coherent way. The full-length article or presentation is actually for providing more details and answering questions.

For a conference presentation, it may also be necessary to narrow in on a single particular facet of your research, as time may prevent you from covering a bigger project.

In addition, an abstract usually does not include citations or bibliographic references, descriptions of routine assessments, or information about how statistics were formulated.

Note also that while some comments on the background might be included, readers will probably be most thinking about the particulars of the project that is specific and particular results.

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3. Use keywords.

In the chronilogical age of electronic database searches, keywords are vital. Keywords should be added in a line that is separate your abstract.

For instance, the American Psychological Association recommends using language—everyday that is natural you believe of pertaining to your topic—and picking three to five keywords (McAdoo 2015).

For example, keywords for a scholarly study on hawks might include: hawks, prey, territory, or behavior.

For more information on choosing keywords that are appropriate

view our recent article:

4. Report your results and conclusions.

An abstract should report what you did, not that which you want to do, so avoid language like hope, plan, try, or attempt. Utilize the past tense to indicate that the scholarly study was already completed. Your results, thesis, and a summary that is brief of conclusions should also be included.

Many readers often don’t read through the abstract, so you should provide them with a clear snapshot of not only exacltly what the research was about but also what you determined. Make sure to also include the “so what”—the conclusions, potential applications, and exactly why they matter.

5. Make your title strong.

Your title can be your first impression—it’s your chance to draw in your readers, such as for instance conference reviewers, colleagues, and scientists outside your field. Before your abstract is supposed to be read, your title must catch their eye first.

The title should convey something about your subject and the “hook” of your research as concisely and clearly as possible in no more than 12 words. Give attention to that which you investigated and how.

Don’t repeat your title in your though that is abstract will require the space for the information on your study in your abstract.

Tip: Using active verbs can strengthen a title. A quick search of scientific articles brought up titles with verbs like “mediate,” “enhance,” and “reveal.” Use a style or thesaurus guide for more ideas for strong verb choices.

Because you need certainly to put so much into a body that is short of, writing an abstract can definitely be challenging. As with every writing, it helps to rehearse as well as to examine other examples.

To improve your abstract-writing skills, review abstracts of articles in journals and in conference proceedings to have an idea of how researchers in your field approach specific subjects and research.

As with every work, having someone read your work for feedback is highly desirable before submitting it.

You’ll be able to submit your abstract at no cost editing by a PhD editor at Falcon Scientific Editing.

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